English and French are the two official languages of Canada. Today, there are approximately 18 million Anglophones – people who speak English as a first language – and 7 million Francophones – people who speak French as a first language. Most Francophones live in Quebec. However, one million Francophones live in Ontario, New Brunswick and Manitoba, with a smaller presence in other provinces. At the same time, approximately one million Anglophones live in Quebec. A large number of non-official languages are also spoken in Canada. These include Aboriginal languages and a variety of languages spoken within immigrant communities.
Canada is the second largest country on earth, covering an area of 10 million square kilometres (3.9 million square miles). Three oceans border Canada: the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Due to its large size, Canada has many different types of landscape.
As a nation, Canada has three founding peoples: Aboriginal, French and British. However, throughout the nation’s history, immigration has also played an important role in building Canadian society.
Most Canadians today were born in Canada and are the descendants of the original founding peoples. However, over the past 200 years, many newcomers have helped to build and defend this country’s way of life. Today, various ethnic and religious groups live and work in peace as proud Canadians. Until the 1970s, most immigrants came from European countries. Since then, the majority have come from Asian countries. Today, approximately 20 percent of Canadians were born outside Canada. In Toronto, Canada’s largest city, this number is over 45 percent. Immigrants are a valued part of Canada’s multicultural society.
The ministries or departments of education in the province or territory where you live are your main sources of government information on all matters related to education.
Éducation, Loisir et Sport Québec
Elementary and Secondary Education (schools)
Ministry of Education
Post-Secondary Education (universities, colleges, etc.)
Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities
www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/tcu Telephone: 416-326-1600